34 lost cities forgotten by time

Алан-э-Дейл       03.09.2022 г.

12. Palmyra[SEE MAP]


flickr/A travers

For centuries Palmyra (“city of palm trees”) was an important and wealthy city located along the caravan routes linking Persia with the Mediterranean ports of Roman Syria. Beginning in 212, Palmyra’s trade diminished as the Sassanids occupied the mouth of the Tigris and the Euphrates. The Roman Emperor Diocletian built a wall and expanded the city in order to try and save it from the Sassanid threat. The city was captured by the Muslim Arabs in 634 but kept intact. The city declined under Ottoman rule, reducing to no more than an oasis village. In the 17th century its location was rediscovered by western travelers.

5 Leptis Magna: The Roman City Buried In Sand


A massive Roman city in Libya that was once a major trading hub for the empire was buried in a sandstorm.

The city is called Leptis Magna, and it was the place where the Roman emperor Septimus Severus was born. He turned it into a gigantic city and one of the most important parts of his empire, but when Rome started to fall, Leptis Magna fell with it. It was pillaged by raiders, destroyed by Arab invaders, left in ruins, and completely forgotten until it was buried under the drifting sands.

Leptis Magna spent about 1,200 years buried under sand dunes until 19th-century archaeologists found it. Buried under the sand, the city was almost perfectly preserved. They didn’t just find a few broken pots there; they got to unearth and walk through a whole ancient Roman city.

Leptis Magna still has an amphitheater, baths, a basilica, and a circus, all preserved so incredibly by the sand that they look almost exactly how they would have when the city was in its prime. It’s like stepping into a time machine. It’s a lost, forgotten city—and because it was forgotten, it never had to change.

Tiwanaku was once a cultural center in Bolivia

was a pre-Columbian settlement that can be found in Western Bolivia. Its original name has been lost to the ages, as its inhabitants did not have a written language. 

Tiwanaku is thought to have been inhabited by peoples who probably spoke the Puquina language. It is thought that the site was inhabited from as early as 1500 BC.

The city reached its height between 300 BC and 300 AD when it appears to have been a cultural center. Around 1000 AD, the city fell into decline and was abandoned, as climatic changes forced the inhabitants to leave.

It was first recorded by Europeans in 1549, by Spanish conquistador Pedro Leon, whilst he was searching for the Inca capital. 

3 Heracleion: The Drowned Egyptian City

Photo credit: Christoph Gerigk/Franck Goddio/Hilti Foundation

Heracleion showed up in almost every Greek myth. It was the city where Heracles took his first steps into Africa. It was the place where Paris of Troy and his stolen bride Helen hid from Menelaus before the Trojan War. And we had no idea where it was.

As it turned out, there was a reason we couldn’t find one of Egypt’s most important ports: It was underwater. About 2,200 years ago, Heracleion was likely hit by an earthquake or a tsunami—and it drowned.

Divers swimming off the coast of Egypt stumbled upon it in the early 2000s. They found a strange rock under the water, and when they brought it up, they realized that it was a piece of an ancient statute. They dove back in to see what else was there. Soon, they’d found full statues, jewels, and even the drowned ruins of an ancient Egyptian temple.

A massive part of the city was still intact. Divers were able to find huge steles put up as notices to visitors, warning them, in hieroglyphics, of Egyptian tax laws. They found statues of ancient Egyptian gods, still in their original form, with fish swimming around them. It was an entire lost city, pulled from the depths of the water and brought back to life.

Order of events

The player can gain access to Lost City by using the key obtained in Frostbite Caves — Day 30.

After beating Day 15, the player finds a map which leads to one of the lost temples. The player survives waves of Porter Gargantuars on Day 16.

On Day 32, Dr. Zomboss tells the player to not usurp his discovery of Lost City, and he and his zombies already report their findings to the Eminent Journal Of Missing and Mislaid. After defeating Zombot Aerostatic Gondola, Crazy Dave complains that after all those discoveries he hasn’t found his taco yet, while Penny comforted him and ensured that the search will continue.

затерянный город

в этом городе померк свет

мне нужно убираться отсюда!

ты цветок, распускающийся в темноте.

я улетаю, и лишь ты напоследок пленил_а мой взор

надеясь увидеть ещё раз, распахиваю глаза

вот он я, потерянный

всё стремительнее, набираем ход

мечты одна за другой рухнули

никто и ничто

никакой любви не осталось

даже малейшего следа

я задыхаюсь, потерявший себя

ребёнка, мечтавшего о вечности, уже нет

приветствие — ещё одно прощание,

любовь фальшива

не на что положится, тщетно ищу выход из сложившейся ситуации

оставляю багаж прошлого и улетаю отсюда.

проживая в своём затерянном городе

я на самом деле не люблю никого

разрозненное время настигает нас, мы в опасности.

сквозь налитые кровью глаза

я приветствую твоё поблекшее отражение и воспоминания о моём глупом прошлом.

позволяю времени унести все воспоминания.

время на исходе

ну же, лети

город опасен, город в огне. выхода нет

собираюсь улететь подальше отсюда, собираюсь убежать.

надеясь увидеть ещё раз, распахиваю глаза

вот он я, совсем потерянный

всё стремительнее, набираем ход

мечты одна за другой рухнули

никто и ничто.

никакой любви не осталось

даже малейшего следа

я задыхаюсь, потерявший себя

ребёнка, мечтавшего о вечности, уже нет

приветствие — ещё одно прощание,

любовь фальшива

не на что положится, тщетно ищу выход из сложившейся ситуации

оставляю багаж прошлого и улетаю отсюда.

проживая в своём затерянном городе.

тебя это нисколько не заботит

твой голос недосягаем

прочь с дороги

проживая в своём затерянном городе.

сейчас я сомневаюсь

взгляни на меня, ведь я всё тот же

а теперь, прочь с дороги

тяжело дышать, я потерял свой путь.

вcё, что осталось —разбито вдребезги. локаут

не могу быть честным даже в мелочах. всё окутано ложью, ложью

отчаливаю, потому что не могу быть счастливым здесь

но не волнуйся, я последую за тобой

я собираюсь убираться отсюда

и лишь ты напоследок пленяешь мой взор

надеясь увидеть ещё раз, распахиваю глаза

вот он я, совсем потерянный

всё стремительнее, набираем ход

мечты одна за другой исчезли

никто и ничто.

никакой любви не осталось

даже малейшего следа

я задыхаюсь, потерявший себя

ребёнка, мечтавшего о вечности, уже нет.

приветствие — ещё одно прощание,

любовь фальшива

не на что положиться, тщетно ищу выход из сложившейся ситуации

оставляю багаж прошлого и улетаю отсюда.

1. решила не переводить эту строчку дословно, так как больше склоняюсь к художественному переводу. spinning in circles every day — ежедневно ходить по кругу. как известно, в русском языке есть фразеологизм / выражение «ходить по кругу» то есть говорить обиняками, не касаясь сути дела; скрывать истинные цели общения, разговора с кем-либо; многократно повторять одни и те же схожие приёмы, не продвигаясь вперёд в делах, общении, понимании; бессмысленное возвращение к старому, давно прошедшему.

This is a poetic translation — deviations from the meaning of the original are present (extra words, extra or omitted information, substituted concepts).

прошу указывать кредиты при использовании моего перевода ♡ / if repost, please put credits!

Добавлено jiwioos в чт, 29/07/2021 — 11:53
В последний раз исправлено jiwioos в пн, 09/08/2021 — 12:25

Комментарий:

ЯЯЯ так устала и мне так грустно от этой песни и в то же время я счастлива, что джинён ака лупи вернулся!!! ну КИНГ

Gordium: King Midas’ great capital

, or Górdion (pronounced Gor-di-yon) in Turkish, was the capital city of the ancient Phrygian Empire. Located in Asia Minor, it is roughly 47 miles (75 km) SW of Ankara. 

The city lies on what was once the ancient road between Lydia and Assyria that crossed the Sangarius River. Gordium’s most famous ruler was the quasi-legendary King Midas.

Gordium was sacked by the Cimmerians and subsequently abandoned in around 800 BCE but was rebuilt by the Persians.

Alexander the Great is said to have visited the city and solved the puzzle of the Gordian Knot, which said that whoever could loosen the knot would rule Asia — Alexander is said to have solved this problem by simply cutting the knot.

The forgotten city was rediscovered and excavated in 1900 by Gustav and Alfred Korte, and later by the Pennsylvanian Museum, between 1950 and 1973.

Как теряются города

Города могут быть потеряны по разным причинам, включая стихийные бедствия, экономические или социальные потрясения или войны.

Incan столица Vilcabamba была разрушена и обезлюдела во время испанского завоевания Перу в 1572 году . Испанцы не восстанавливали город, и это место осталось незамеченным и забыто, пока оно не было обнаружено заново путем подробного изучения писем и документов того периода.

Троя была городом, расположенным на северо-западе Анатолии на территории современной Турции. Он наиболее известен как центр Троянской войны, описанной в греческом эпическом цикле и особенно в « Илиаде» , одном из двух эпических стихотворений, приписываемых Гомеру . Неоднократно разрушаемый и перестраиваемый, город постепенно приходил в упадок и был заброшен в византийскую эпоху. Погребенный временем, город был предан царству легенд до тех пор, пока в 1860-х годах в этом месте не были впервые раскопаны.

Другие поселения потеряны, без каких-либо признаков их упадка. Например, остров Молден в центральной части Тихого океана был безлюден, когда европейцы впервые посетили его в 1825 году, но неожиданное присутствие разрушенных храмов и остатков других построек, найденных на острове, указывает на то, что население полинезийцев проживало там, возможно, несколько лет. поколениями несколькими столетиями ранее. Продолжительная засуха кажется наиболее вероятным объяснением их гибели, а отдаленность острова означала небольшое количество посетителей.

1 La Ciudad Blanca: The City Of The Monkey God

Photo credit: Dave Yoder, National Geographic

In his quest for gold, Hernan Cortes heard rumors that there was a city of great wealth hiding in the jungles of Honduras. It was called the White City by some and the City of the Monkey God by others, and it was promised to hold an incredible fortune.

Cortes never found it—but the legend lived on. Charles Lindbergh claimed he saw it flying over the country, and others spread rumors that they’d found it but, for whatever reason, couldn’t say where it was, and the city remained nothing more than a legend.

Archaeologists may have actually found it. A group followed the path described by one of the crazier people who claimed to have found the place, and to their surprise, they actually found a city where he said it would be. They found a pyramid in a rain forest, built by a culture that had vanished 1,000 years ago. Inside, there were caches of stone sculptures and impressive architecture that, by the standards of their neighbors, would have been considered signs of incredible wealth and power.

Some people doubt whether this is really the city Cortes wrote about, but if nothing else, it’s evidence of a lost civilization of people who lived their entire lives out in the jungle, separated from life, and whose very existence had been all but forgotten until now.

Read more about real legends on 10 Historical Legends That Are Probably True and 10 Mythical Things that Actually Existed.

fact checked by
Jamie Frater

Mark Oliver

Mark Oliver is a regular contributor to Listverse. His writing also appears on a number of other sites, including The Onion’s StarWipe and Cracked.com. His website is regularly updated with everything he writes.

Read More:

Trivia

  • The post the construction Imps are on seems to have the head of a Snapdragon.
  • EA’s official website uses «Lost City of Gold» as the name of this world.

    Penny called it «The Fabled Lost City.»

  • Dr. Zomboss

    This, however, contrasts the zombies’ looks.

    talks normally in this world, hinting that this world is set near the present day.

  • The music for Lost City’s Ultimate Battle theme uses the beginning of the Wild West Ultimate Battle theme and has some of the Ancient Egypt and Frostbite Caves

    The Brainiac Maniac theme uses some of the music from the Dark Ages version in the beginning.

    in the ending.

  • Lost City’s Ultimate Battle and Brainiac Maniac use an orchestra and vibraphones in the beginning and end with an acoustic guitar.
  • The instruments used to represent Lost City in Modern Day’s themes are the Bassoon and the Cattle Drums.
  • A level with the same name and the same theme exists in the 1996 game Crash Bandicoot.
  • This world is similar to Merlock’s Temple from the Disney Game Donald Duck: Goin’ Quackers.
  • The music that plays on basic levels contains a few areas of silence compared to other worlds’ main themes.
  • An area in Zuma’s Revenge!, another PopCap game, is also called Lost City.
  • In the Epic Quest Aloe, Salut! and the Beghouled Beyond event, a night version of Lost City is present.
  • Before the 5.2.1 update, there was a portal underneath the Gargantuar and Zomboss podiums.
  • Before the 5.3.1 version, it was the eighth world on the world map order.
  • This is the third world that has beneficial gimmicks, with the first being Wild West, and the second being Far Future.
  • At the bottom left corner of the lawn, one can see a statue of Crazy Dave’s head.
  • This world has exclusive boss fight music for phase 1. It is where Lost City’s instruments take part with the existing regular Zomboss battle theme.
  • Frostbite Caves, Lost City, Modern Day, and Jurassic Marsh are the only worlds that don’t have unlockable plants from Plants vs. Zombies.

14. Vijayanagara[SEE MAP]


flickr/pcsjith

Vijaynagar was once one the largest cities in the world with 500,000 inhabitants. The Indian city flourished between the 14th century and 16th century, during the height of the power of the Vijayanagar empire. During this time, the empire was often in conflict with the Muslim kingdoms. In 1565, the empire’s armies suffered a massive and catastrophic defeat and Vijayanagara was taken. The victorious Muslim armies then proceeded to raze, depopulate, and destroy the city and its Hindu temples over a period of several months. Despite the empire continuing to exist thereafter during a slow decline, the original capital was not reoccupied or rebuilt. It has not been occupied since.

Hvalsey was a Viking settlement on Greenland

, aka ‘Whale Island’, is a long-lost Viking settlement located near Qaqortoq, Greenland. It is, to date, the largest and best-preserved example of Norse ruins in what is known as the Eastern Settlement.

It was settled around 1000 AD by Norse farmers who were thought to have arrived from Iceland. The site was probably home to about 4,000 people during its height. 

The Western Settlement would be abandoned in the 14th century, with Eastern Settlement lasting a little longer before also being abandoned. 

Records exist of a wedding being held in the settlement’s church in 1408. This was the last record of any habitation of the area.

The site was rediscovered in 1721 by a Danish missionary.

7 Xanadu: The Palace Of Kublai Khan

Photo credit: Zhenglan Qi Administration of Cultural Heritage of the site of Xanadu City

Marco Polo came back from China with some incredible descriptions of Kublai Khan’s empire. The most incredible of all, though, was Xanadu, the palace of the great khan.

Xanadu, Marco Polo said, was a marble palace surrounded by a massive, 26-kilometer-wide (16 mi) park filled with fountains, rivers, and wild animals. There, the khan kept 10,000 pure white horses in a golden palace guarded by dragons. It was, in short, a paradise unlike any on Earth.

The palace was destroyed by the Ming army in 1369, long before most Europeans got the chance to see it. As the centuries passed by, it slipped into legend. It was a place poets wrote about but was little more than the stuff of imagination.

Since then, though, the site of Kublai Khan’s palace has been uncovered, and we’ve found that Marco Polo wasn’t exaggerating. The khan’s home was twice as big as the White House, surrounded by a massive park that seems to have once held a wild menagerie of animals from around the world.

There are ramps for horses in every part of it, and it even has the dragons Marco Polo described. They’re statues sitting atop of pillars that have been painted yellow—but they’re posed exactly as he said they were.

2 La Ciudad Perdida: The Lost Colombian City


Around 1,300 years ago, an ancient people called the Tairona built an incredible city along the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountainsides. It was put up at the top of the hills by the command of their god, who wanted them to live close to the stars.

People lived there for 700 to 800 years—until the Spanish conquistadors arrived. The Tairona never met them, but the diseases the Spaniards brought with them spread to the Tairona and wiped them out. The last people in the city died, it was left barren, and an entire civilization was forgotten for hundreds of years.

The city wasn’t discovered until the 1970s, when a group of bandits making their way through the jungle stumbled upon it by chance. By pure luck, they found an ancient, overgrown city full of gold jewelry and jade figures.

They pocketed what they could find and sold it on the black market, where they came to the attention of archaeologists. Soon, the city known only as “The Lost City” was found, after nearly 500 years hidden in the jungle.

Forbidden Cities Visited in Keeper of the Lost Cities[]

Visited by Sophie (the whole Foster family lived there), Keefe, Mr. Forkle, Fitz, Sandor, Gethen, and Alvar.

Hollywood, Los Angeles, California

Visited by Sophie and Tiergan during their Telepathy session at Foxfire.

Gryfino, Poland (The Crooked Forest)

Visited by Sophie, Calla, Fitz, Biana, Keefe, and Dex. Calla says she sang to the trees, which was why the trees were bent.

California’s White Mountains

Visited by Sophie, Fitz, Biana, Keefe, Dex, Della, the Collective, Calla, and a number of other gnomes.

Paris, France

Visited by Sophie, Dex, Gethen, Brant, Mr. Forkle and possibly Alvar. It was later visited by Fitz, Linh, and others.

Mt. Everest, Nepal

Visited by Sophie, Dex, Keefe, Fitz, Biana, Lady Gisela, Sandor, Mr. Forkle, and the Neverseen (Lady Gisela, dwarves, and others) when they had the battle at the end of Everblaze.

The Himalayas

Visited by anyone who has gone to the Sanctuary.

Florence, Italy

Visited by Sophie, Fitz, Keefe, Dex, Biana, Della, Mr. Forkle, possibly other members of the Black Swan, and at least one Pyrokinetic in the Neverseen, including Brant or Fintan. Most likely Brant, as Fintan usually stays where it’s safe.

Trolltunga, Norway

Visited by Sophie, Fitz, Biana, Keefe, Dex, Della, the Collective, Kesler, Edaline, Grady, Physic, Alden, Della, etc. for a Wanderling planting.

London, England

Visited by Sophie, Lady Gisela, Keefe, Fitz, and Tam. The Green Door House is located here.

San Diego, California

Hollywood, Los Angeles, California

Gryfino, Poland

California’s White Mountains

Paris, France

Mount Everest

The Himalayas

Florence, Italy

Trolltunga, Norway

London, England

Places
Lost Cities
Cities


Atlantis Eternalia Gildingham Lumenaria Marintrylla Mysterium Ravagog Serenvale

Residences


Candleshade Choralmere Dawnheath Everglen Fluttermont Havenfield Mistmead Rimeshire Riverdrift Shores of Solace Solreef Splendor Plains Sterling Gables Widgetmoor

Hideouts

Black Swan Hideouts

Alluveterre Brumevale Stone House

Neverseen Hideouts

The Sixteen Former Hideouts Pallidrose Gwynaura Valkonian Lady Gisela’s Nightfall Vespera’s Nightfall

Exile Places


Entrance to Exile Gateway to Exile Exile The Room Where Chances Are Lost The Somnatorium

Foxfire


Foxfire The Gold Tower The Hall of Illumination The Healing Center The Silver Tower The Tutoring Center

Rivers


The Alenon River The Eventide River Spateswale

Other


Blackwater Bay Claws, Wings, Horns and Things Crooked Forest Dawnheath Troll Hive Inktide Island Moonglade Oblivymere Hall of Heroes Point of Purity Prism Peaks Siren Rock Slurps and Burps The Gloaming Valley The King’s Path The Matchmaking Office The Sanctuary The Void Tribunal Hall The Unity Fountain Wanderling Woods

Neutral Territories

Bosk Gorge Brackendale Merrowmarsh The Lake of Blood The Starkrial Valley The Strixian Plains The Wildwood Colony

Exillium

Exillium The Arch of Dividing

Personality[]

Iggy has notorious «Iggy Breath,» which smells horrible due to his stinky diet. This «Iggy Breath» makes Sophie cringe every time she smells it. He likes to curl up with Sophie at night and play. One of his favorite places to be petted is his tummy. Iggy is described to have «chainsaw” or “leaf blower” snoring, as described by Sophie. In Flashback, Iggy unleashed a buttload of toxic farts on Sophie when she came back to Havenfield after her recovery. He has been known to release toxic farts and burps throughout the series. Many times, Sophie has said that Iggy has ground shaking/earth rattling farts.

13. Calakmul[SEE MAP]


flickr/Ed Clayton

Hidden inside the jungles of the Mexican state of Campeche, Calakmul is one of the largest Maya cities ever uncovered. Calakmul was a powerful city that challenged the supremacy of Tikal and engaged in a strategy of surrounding it with its own network of allies. From the second half of the 6th century AD through to the late 7th century Calakmul gained the upper hand although it failed to extinguish Tikal’s power completely and Tikal was able to turn the tables on its great rival in a decisive battle that took place in 695 AD. Eventually both cities succumbed to the spreading Maya collapse.

4 Vinland: The Viking Land Of Plenty

Photo credit: Clinton Pierce

In AD 1073, a German cleric named Adam of Bremen spoke to the Danish king Sven Estridsson. The Vikings, Estridsson told him, had sailed across the Atlantic Ocean and found a distant land where everything grew boundlessly. “It is called Vinland,” the cleric reported, “because vines grow there of their own accord.”

He wasn’t the only one telling the story. The Vikings had been passing it down themselves, saying they’d fought with natives who lived there, whom they’d named the Skraelingar. The Skraelingar, they said, dressed in white clothes and lived in caves and holes. When they attacked, they carried long poles and charged, screaming out loud cries of war.

Vinland was thought to be a Viking myth for centuries, even after the Spanish reached the Americas. It took until the 1960s until we found out they were telling the truth. Then, at L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, Canada, archaeologists found the remains of a Viking settlement made in the 11th century—the Vinland they’d told so many stories about.

7. Hattusa was the capital of the once all-powerful Hittite Empire

The Hittite capital of near modern Boğazkale, Turkey, was lost to ravages of time for millennia. The city was sacked and the Hittite Empire collapsed during the so-called Bronze-Age collapse around 1200 BC.

This catastrophic event is, by some, thought to have begun with an invasion of the so-called «Sea Peoples» that also attacked and raided cities of the ancient Egyptians at around the same time. But it is likely that the city was finally destroyed by the neighboring Kashka, a bitter enemy of several centuries’ standing. 

The city was subsequently abandoned and forgotten. It is thought to have once housed around 45,000 people during its height. 

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Hattusa was rediscovered in the 20th century by German archeologists. The team found a literal treasure trove of clay tablets with writings ranging from legal codes to literature.

Helike: an ancient Greek city that sank

could very well be the real Atlantis. According to Greek legend, Helike was destroyed by an enraged and vengeful Poseidon for the Helikonians’ refusal to give their renowned statue of the sea god, or even a copy of it, to Ionian Greek colonists in Asia Minor (modern Turkey).

Based on accounts of ancient sources and on recent archaeology, it is believed that an earthquake in 373 BCE caused the groundbeneath the entire city to liquefy. A tsunami then engulfed the sunken city. According to ancient sources, the city disappeared in the space of just an hour or two and there were no survivors. 

Helike was rediscovered in the 1980s by two archaeologists who had been searching for it for over a decade. It has since been partially excavated.

6 Sigiriya: The Eighth Wonder Of The World


In Sri Lanka, in the fifth century AD, King Kassapa built his palace atop a boulder that was 200 meters (650 ft) tall. According to the legends, it was one of the most incredible castles in the world. To get in, one had to walk up a large staircase that went through the mouth of a massive brick-and-plaster lion.

Kassapa didn’t live in his castle for long. Shortly after it was completed, his brother Mogallana attacked. Kassapa’s army deserted him, terrified for their lives, and his wives leaped off the side of the boulder to their deaths. Sigiriya was conquered and left behind as a monument to the king’s excess. For a while, it became an outpost and, later, a Buddhist monastery, but soon, it was forgotten to time.

When European archaeologists started investigating the story, though, they found out that the castle was real. There really was a massive lion guarding the staircase, and one really had to walk through his mouth to get in.

Inside, it is even more incredible than the legends said. At one part, there is a gleaming white parapet that works a mirror, letting the bloated king stare at his own reflection as he walks through his palace.

UNESCO declared Sigiriya the eighth wonder of the world, and today, it’s a popular tourist destination. But for a long time, it was nothing more than the forgotten ruins of a deposed tyrant.

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